physician, Azad also asked why the raids on the minister were "taking place today and not a month later or before. Firstpost/Debobrat Ghose Now living in an undisclosed location in the state with a new identity, With whom did you work in the Maoist cadre? Gradually I was promoted to a section commander In 2013 I was at the platoon headquarters When I surrendered I was a member of Battalion No 1 and worked closely with battalion commander Hidma who is also a member of the party’s Central Committee (police and intelligence sources claim that Hidma is not a member of CC) Prior to that in 2007 I was made the bodyguard-cum-gunman of senior Maoist leader Ramanna (one of the founders of People’s War Group who was arrested by Maharashtra Police on 9 February) and served him for three years He was the secretary CPI (Maoist) Dandakaranya Where did you meet your wife before marriage and did you have to take permission to get married I met my wife in the battalion She is from another village of the same Bijapur district We sought permission from the party committee to marry as we had to follow party rules The party leaders discussed the issue in the committee and separately with us and then gave us permission to marry What was your wife’s role in the cadre My wife joined the dalamlike me at a very young age in 2008 Initially she was a part of the cultural wing of the party They performed cultural programmes in villages to spread the party’s ideology Later she became a member of the battalion Due to Maoists our original Baiga culture in Bastar has got suppressed Often we are not allowed to follow our traditional way of celebrating our festivals and cultural practices How do Maoists convince local youth to join their cadre Maoist leaders visit every village in the deep interiors to form a committee at the village panchayat level and tell the local youths that without CPI(Maoist) they are non-existent If one has to live in a village she/he has to listen to the party They used to convince us by saying that Naxals would bring Nav Janvadi Kranti (Neo-People’s revolution) in India A ‘utopian’ socialist society would be built They claim that they are fighting for Jal-Jungle-Zameen (water-forest-land) and for tribal rights They tell that both government and private miners have been exploiting tribals by taking away natural resources out of Bastar They worked on the trust deficit between the administration and many villagers and by fuelling hatred against the police and security forces Why did both of you leave the organisation and surrendered Over the years we realised that armed struggle and bringing a ‘change through revolution’ by waging war inside the jungle against the government was like chasing a chimera We were grappling with disillusionment Gradually I felt that the promised change was not going to take place We were still at the same level from where we had begun except for moving from one district to another There was no change in our status I had been reading the same books and party literature from the day I joined The party cited examples of Russia China Vietnam Nepal etc but the ground situation in Bastar is different They were misleading us Maoists killed many innocents after branding them as ‘police informers’ which was not true in a large number of cases Where’s the revolution that they talked about Life was extremely difficult on the ground as one had to face heat cold rain malaria and what not The threat of police and CRPF was already there Actually the tribal youth like us who have joined the cadre are unaware of the big change that has taken place outside the jungles of Dandakaranya That’s where one gets trapped The children of top Maoist leaders are enjoying a good life and getting a good education in other states or abroad whereas we get killed in encounters I wasn’t even allowed to attend my parents’ funeral Gradually both my wife and I realised that except getting killed in an encounter there was no future for us We were severely frustrated and decided to leave and go back to our village to do farming Do the local tribal youth who join Maoist cadres as foot soldiers get elevated to a leadership position Almost all the top leaders within the organisation are from outside Bastar – from Telangana and Andhra The local youths are foot soldiers The highest they get elevated to is a leader of a local committee or a unit – like me Hidma is an exception who is heading the battalion Didn’t your party threaten you when you told them about quitting the cadre They tried to convince us not to quit saying that if we leave the party police would contact us and it could become a problem They gave us an option to stay in a village committee under them like in a Janatana Sarkar (People’s Council of the Maoists) which is a state within a state And when I didn’t relent I was threatened One night I left my weapons and escaped along with my wife Now Bastar is changing due to development across the seven LWE-infested districts What justification does the CPI(Maoist) have against this Maoists say when they were not present in Bastar development didn’t take place Why was it so According to them the government has now undertaken development to win over the villagers so that tribal land and minerals could be taken away They say it’s a conspiracy of the establishment and that under the garb of development the government has given access to corporates to loot mineral reserves of Bastar So according to them villagers should be with the Maoists to prevent the looting of their resources Is there any decline in Maoist activities as compared to five years ago In comparison to the past there’s definitely a decline in Maoist incidents Their area of dominance has shrunk Earlier Maoists attacked district headquarters and towns Now ambushes and blasts take place on highways and roads passing through volatile areas and inside the forests Do you think the Naxal ideology in failing I think people are gradually realising the lie behind the Maoist ideology of revolution It’s only destruction and killing of innocents Our tribal population is not gaining anything out of the Naxal movement as we’re being used by them for their ulterior motives The topmost Maoist leaders are taking away money from Bastar to their homes Now it’s a kind of business for CPI(Maoist) How can the revolution that took place in Russia or Nepal happen in India The ground situations in Russia Vietnam or Nepal were different from that of Bastar Moreover local people are benefitting from development One cannot deny that the police also committed wrongs with the tribals of which the Maoists took advantage Often there is an allegation that police organise ‘fake surrenders’ and force tribal youth to surrender as ‘Maoists’ How true is that in your case We willingly surrendered and there was no pressure from the police as such Once we decided to quit we got in touch with the police officials through a local source and told them about our plan The organisation is extremely ruthless because once a member quits the party it becomes almost impossible for his/her family members to stay in a village Either they will be eliminated or thrown out mercilessly It becomes so difficult for people to survive as the majority are illiterate Today I don’t have anyone left in the village At present you are living a covert life with a new identity Will you go back to your old organisation if you face hardships in leading the new life Never come what may We faced extreme hardships and threats while we were a part of the cadre It resulted in an uncertain and bleak future We want to start life afresh and be a part of the mainstream society Next up: After a long interview with the surrendered Maoist I became inquisitive to know more about the architecture of Naxalism in Bastar I set about understanding the way the banned Communist Party of India (Maoist) functions both as a political outfit and as a military unit to spread its ideology of LWE across Dandakaranya to ensure its domination in the liberated zone Also Read Narendra Modi govt’s Bastar ‘development offensive’ showing results tribals getting first taste of freedom Bastar development offensive: Once a Maoist den cut off from mainstream Palnar village is now a digital hub Bastar development offensive: Geedam lives on to tell another tale this time of an education city and not of Maoist violence Bastar development offensive: Healthcare education thrive as tech-savvy Dantewada collector seeks to counter Maoist doctrine Manchester: Jose Mourinho believes Manchester United can still secure a top-four finish in the Premier League saying an unkind fixture list is partly to blame for their early season struggles United are languishing in eighth place in the table five points from a Champions League qualification position as they prepare to visit Bournemouth on Saturday File image of Jose Mourinho Reuters But the manager believes his team have been hindered by a series of difficult back-to-back away fixtures citing the fact they must travel to Manchester City in the Premier League on 11 November four days after a Champions League trip to Juventus and that they visit Liverpool in December after a European away game against Valencia He did not mention that United have also had back-to-back home games three times across all competitions already this season and have only played two of the current top six in their opening 10 league games Mourinho in his pre-match press conference said he believed the picture at Old Trafford would be rosier at the beginning of the New Year "I always say that at the end of the season you play 19 matches at home and away and it doesn’t matter when but the reality is that the way the fixtures are coming sometimes they have an influence in the moment "We had a double fixture away in September (at Burnley and Watford) Now we have a double away league fixture at Bournemouth and Manchester City "We will have Juventus away before we go to Manchester City and we will have Valencia away before Liverpool "In this part of the season we play away against possibly the three biggest candidates for the title in Liverpool Chelsea and Manchester City so the calendar was not nice to us "But I think by the end of December which is the end of the first half of the Premier League season we are not going to be in the position we are now We will be in a better position" Title challenge Mourinho has refused to rule out a challenge for the title but says the first priority must be to climb into the top four "When you are outside the top four I don’t think you should speak about the title" he said "When you are in the top four which I believe we are going to be you can look up see the distance look to the fixtures to the calendar" He declined to reveal whether striker Romelu Lukaku would be recalled at Bournemouth having been dropped after going eight games without scoring The manager also said he was "100 percent not guilty" of using foul language after being cleared by an independent panel of a Football Association charge Mourinho was accused of improper conduct for remarks he allegedly made in Portuguese after their 3-2 Premier League win over Newcastle on October 6 He has avoided a touchline ban after the charge was found "not proven" although it is understood that the FA is considering an appeal However Mourinho said that the reason United went to such lengths to contest the charge putting forward detailed linguistic analysis and citing precedents of other football figures swearing during matches was because he was convinced of his innocence "You know the reason why I ask the club and lawyers to appeal was that I was 100 percent sure that I was not guilty of these charges but you never know how it ends" he said who claimed to be acting on the orders of the governor Still dripping from the icy shower in the company parking lot vowing to invoke its rules of engagement in order to protect Nigeria’s Constitution a company statement said the group noted in a statement Many in the public health community had argued strongly that banning mercury from vaccines would make many common vaccines much more expensive and harder to deliver The MDC called Mugabe’s victory five years ago a monumental fraud that had been engineered through manipulation of the voters’ register by state security agents and the fact that they have also shown interest in an alliance Many retail workers are protesting for such a pay hike and 13% of Latino workers in the industry “Kailash Gahlot and his family own 18 to 19 companies However” Rutledge said Rutledge said electricity was restored to UMD area after about an hour to guarantee growth a Duterte ally Rosette Pambakian a party leader said" said Commissioner Clyburn 2017 If Net Neutrality gets repealed Im going to sell flash drives with porn on em- Moe (@lolmoemooe) December 14dockterman@time Calif who is the Leader of the House the Opposition kept on raising the issue the girl was abducted by two men #StopHate” he said McConnell’s blunt assessment of Moore’s future came after the Senate leader and other Republicans said they thought the candidate should drop out of the race “if the allegations are true5 million 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